7 best ways to reduce Discolored Patches on the face

Tired of dark patchy and discoloured skin colour on your face? Don't know how to have one skin tone throughout your face? In this article, I will tell you what is the reason for having discoloured patches on your skin, what is the cure for this and will also let you know how to have a single skin colour. Melanin is a substance which adds colour to the skin, eyes and hair. If there is an excess production of melanin in your body due to some reason such as hormonal changes etc, it makes parts of your skin darker than the other parts. This is the reason why some people have discoloured patches on their skin. These are hyperpigmented areas of the skin which can be treated when taken proper care. Let's know about the ways to initially reduce and finally remove these discoloured patches of the skin and make your skin glow. Most of the natural treatments we use to regain our natural skin decreases the production of melanin and exfoliates the upper layer of the skin. 


Castor oil

Castor oil has acid which helps to keep the skin fresh and hydrated. It repairs the skin from damages and prevents discolouration of the skin. It prevents hyperpigmentation of the skin and helps to treat the dark patches of the skin. It has antioxidants which do not let the free radicals harm the skin. Castor oil helps to keep your skin clear and glowing. My under eye area had the problem of dark circles and one of my friends' advised me to apply castor oil daily before going to bed and now there are no signs of dark circles on my face. This oil reduces fluid retention and does not let dark circles overpower your under eyes. This is a tried and tested way to get rid of the discolouration of the skin colour. The production of excess melanin is the source of the dark patches on your skin and allowing this oil to stay on your face overnight soothes the skin and reduces the production of melanin on your skin.


Chemical peels

Chemical peels are treating the hyperpigmented areas of your skin chemically. The process of chemical peeling involves glycolic acid which removes the outer discoloured patchy layer of the skin. it exfoliates your skin to bring up the inner layers of your skin and brighten your face. It improves the health of your skin and usually does not have side effects on most skin types. Chemical peels help you to get rid of discoloured and uneven skin tone. Glycolic acid is a very important ingredient in chemical peels which goes into the depth of your skin and cleans all the impurities and also prevents your skin from having freckles. After undergoing this process one might encounter side effects such as redness, irritation and inflammation of the skin. you will have to avoid going out in the sun after going through this chemical treatment. 


Vitamin C serum

Vitamin C serum is one of the most useful ingredients for your skin. Even if you don't have any dark spots on your face you can use these serums to keep your skin healthy. if you have dark spots on your face and hyperpigmented areas then you must surely apply this. Vitamin C serum reduces the production of melanin on the skin and thus reduces the existing dark spots on the face. It also prevents wrinkles and helps in keeping the skin tight. It has a lightening effect on the skin.  It removes the damaged cells and gives birth to new ones. Vitamin C serums are an all-rounder for your skincare and take care of all the features of your skin from acne to moisturizing the skin. It is a 100% skincare treatment you should definitely give a try. Vitamin C is a very helpful substance for the whole body. The intake of vitamin C is also very helpful to keep your body strong and prevent diseases.


Lemon

Lemon is rich in vitamin C and when applied to your face twice daily it helps you to have a lighter skin tone. It is a natural bleaching agent which clears the dark patches from your face within some weeks. Lemon juice can be applied on the dark pigment in areas of the skin, freckles of the face and also on uneven skin tone. Lemon juice is citric acid which neutralizes the production of melanin in your skin and reduces dark spots and acne. Some other ingredients can be added to lemon juice to make a better face pack such as turmeric and lemon juice, apple cider vinegar and lemon juice and baking soda and lemon juice. Lemon juice acts as a bleaching agent and repairs all the dark patchy areas of your skin. Lemon juice can be used to treat hyperpigmented parts of your skin. It is a perfect remedy for exfoliating the outer dead skin and lightening your skin tone especially the dark area of your face.


Skin Lightening cream

Skin lightening creams suggest bleaching creams different types of soaps and pills I used for reducing the hyperpigmented areas of your skin. These skin lightening creams curb the excess production of melanin in your skin. This is a treatment just like laser treatment and chemical peeling. You must always think twice before performing some chemical treatments on your skin because this might have serious side effects on your skin and damage them. Otherwise, if this treatment suits you, you must go for one to remove the permanent dark spots from your face. This helps in making your face clear and gives a natural glow. This removes all the pores from your skin and makes it spotless.


Vitamin E cream

Vitamin E cream is a very important ingredient which you should add in your daily skincare routine. Vitamin E cream helps to brighten your skin and protect your skin from sunlight and also from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Vitamin E works as an antioxidant for your skin and clears blackheads and ache. It helps in curing all the problems of discolouring of your skin and uneven tones. This Vitamin E cream helps in reversing cell damage and keeps the skin strong. It prevents black patches from occurring on the skin. It removes the damaged cells and gives birth to new ones.


Laser treatment

Laser treatment is a new method of removing dark spots from the skin. It has come up with the improvement in technology. This is a complex process and is expensive than the other ways to reduce or remove dark hyperpigmented areas of the skin. It involves the use of pulse which helps to get an idea of the hyperpigmented areas of the skin. Laser treatment is safe nowadays and is performed by common people. To eradicate hyperpigmented areas of the skin this treatment is very efficient. Your skin will have a particular number according to the scale of damage on your skin. you will have to take medication during the process of this treatment. Laser treatment reduces uneven skin tone and helps in removing wrinkles from the face. This treatment also lightens the skin colour bringing up the lower layers of your skin.


FAQS (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • Is laser treatment 100% safe?

-Yes laser treatment is very common these days. It does not involve much risk and with technology evolving it has become safe.


  • Does chemical peeping completely eradicate the dark spots from the skin?

-Chemical peeling is also a complex process which requires days of treatment and medication. This process removes dark spots completely in most cases.


  • Instead of applying Vitamin C serum can we take in vitamin C in the form of food?

-Vitamin C is a very helpful ingredient, the intake or the application of vitamin C helps to make the skin clear and removes dark spots. 

  • Is applying castor oil on the dark pigmentated spots of your face effective?

-Castor oil is a slow process unlike the laser treatment and chemical peeling. If you use castor oil on a daily basis it will reduce the dark spots of your skin and will treat discolouration of the skin.

  • Do the above treatments have side effects on the skin?

-Usually the above mentioned treatments are 100% safe, tried and tested methods to treat your skin. But many times it does not suit a particular skin type and might have side effects.


Conclusion

So are you ready to work on your skin? I have already helped you by discussing the 7 ways to reduce hyperpigmented areas from your skin. Now it is your turn to choose the one treatment which suits your skin the most and starts applying it. It must be a part of your daily skincare routine. All the above ways are tried and tested and recommended by an authorised dermatologist that they can be used to make your skin healthy. These treatments make your skin glow and remove all the dark spots from your face.